The same blame of being a judge, when one ought to be an obeyer, of the law is found in James 4:11 . When discussing work, he invariably uses the plural works (Greek erga) rather than the singular work (Greek ergon). Salem Media Group. 21. The best authorities read, "But Abraham believed," &c. and he was called the Friend of God--He was not so called in his lifetime, though he was so even then from the time of his justification; but he was called so, being recognized as such by all on the ground of his works of faith. As such, they too acknowledged the Unity and Sovereignty of God, but that belief, being without love, led only to the … oppress--literally, "abuse their power against" you. what doth it profit--concluding with the same question as at the beginning, James 2:14 . . The Jewish Christians boasted of, and rested in, the "law" ( Acts 15:1 , 21:18-24 , Romans 2:17 , Galatians 2:12 ). The sin of respect of persons: Dead, unworking faith saves no man. Are ye not . Both senses are united in John 15:14 John 15:15 " [BENGEL]. c. For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also: As much as you can have a body with no life (a corpse), so you can have a faith with no life – and faith without works is a dead faith, unable to save. It seems hardly likely but that James had seen Paul's Epistles, considering that he uses the same phrases and examples (compare james 2:21 james 2:23 james 2:25 , with Romans 4:3 , Hebrews 11:17 Hebrews 11:31 ; and james 2:14 james 2:24 , with Romans 3:28 , Galatians 2:16 ). Our study will be lifted from the 2 nd chapter of the 45 th book in the Bible . faith wrought with his works--for it was by faith he offered his son. . . The lesson from Abraham is clear: if we believe in God, we will do what He tells us to do. Where there is no active love, there is no real *faith. 2. The people in the Jewish synagogue sat according to their rank, those of the same trade together. partial--literally, "Have ye not made distinctions" or "differences" (so as to prefer one to … 11. Authorship . But his obedience in offering Isaac demonstrated that he really did trust God. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. 14. 2. So "my strength is made perfect in weakness," that is, exerts itself most perfectly, shows how great it is [CAMERON]: so 1 John 4:17 , Hebrews 2:10 , 5:9 . As all believers, alike rich and poor, derive all their glory from their union with Him, "the Lord of glory," not from external advantages of worldly fortune, the sin in question is peculiarly inconsistent with His "faith." James 2:8-12. "Show" does not mean here to prove to me, but exhibit to me. 25. It shall be such toward every one as every one shall have been [BENGEL]. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. The same words in the mouth of Christ, whose faith they said they had, were accompanied by efficient deeds of love. These good works are the work oflove. 6. But someone will say, “You have faith, and I have works.” Show me your faith without your works, and I will show you my faith by my works. Hence Hebrews 11:31 names this as an example of faith, rather than of obedience. . True *faith isnot just to feel good or to accept the truth only with the m… ye do well--being "blessed in your deed" ("doing," Margin) as a doer, not a forgetful hearer of the law ( James 1:25 ). Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. That work of faith demonstrated, but did not contribute to his justification. While he emphasizes that we cannot win salvation by our good works, he also acknowledges “that the … Rich heathen must here chiefly be meant; for none others would directly blaspheme the name of Christ. thou doest well--so far good. The great King, God, is love; His law is the royal law of love, and that law, like Himself, reigns supreme. Was not Rahab the harlot also justified by works: Rahab demonstrated her trust in the God of Israel by hiding the spies and seeking salvation from their God (Joshua 2:8-13). James takes up the topic of work in detail in the second part of chapter 2. being alone--ALFORD joins "is dead in itself." Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. James beseeches such a one to lay aside his perverse unwillingness to know what is palpable to all who are willing to do. One may say he has faith though he have not works. So in James 1:6 , "wavering." In Genesis 22:1 it is written, God did tempt Abraham, that is, put to the test of demonstration the reality of his faith, not for the satisfaction of God, who already knew it well, but to demonstrate it before men. You do well. 26. They who dishonor God's name by wilful and habitual sin, "take (or bear) the Lord's name in vain" (compare Proverbs 30:9 , with Exodus 20:7 ). Once we are saved by grace through faith, we are no longer under the law and therefore we need not be in bondage to the law. a brother, &c.--a fellow Christian, to whom we are specially bound to give help, independent of our general obligation to help all our fellow creatures. As James states the basic instruction of this paragraph in 2:1, the imperative is, literally, "Do not have [or hold] the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ... View the entire commentary. The law is there to show us our need for a Saviour so that we may be justified by faith. My brethren, do not hold the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory, with partiality. The law is the "whole"; "the (particular) Scripture" ( Leviticus 19:18 ) quoted is a part. James 3. The Book of James – A Detailed Commentary Basic Training Bible Ministries Page 2 Introduction to James Background of the Book The Epistle of James is one of the general epistles, including 1 and 2 Peter, 1, 2 and 3 John, and Jude. The fundamental article of the creed of Jews and Christians alike, and the point of faith on which especially the former boasted themselves, as distinguishing them from the Gentiles, and hence adduced by James here. BENGEL, making no ellipsis of "the Lord," explains "glory" as in apposition with Christ who is THE GLORY ( Luke 2:32 ); the true Shekinah glory of the temple ( Romans 9:4 ). © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . So ESTIUS. . rich--as a class. . It does not follow that living faith derives its life from works, as the body derives its life from the animating spirit. Likewise, was not Rahab the harlot also justified by works when she received the messengers and sent them out another way? . . Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete) /. The glorious faith we have, the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, should never be associated with partiality (discrimination). speak--referring back to james 1:19 james 1:26 ; the fuller discussion of the topic is given James 3:5-12 . The nature of acceptable obedience (James 1:26–27) a. 13. So faith consisting in mere profession is unacceptable to God, the object of faith, and profitless to the possessor. James grounds Christian practice on Christian faith. Depart in peace--as if all their wants were satisfied by the mere words addressed to them. with respect of persons--literally, "in respectings of persons"; "in" the practice of partial preferences of persons in various ways and on various occasions. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. The converse of, "Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy" ( Matthew 5:7 ). Real faith will be demonstrated by works. The lesson from Rahab is also clear: if we believe in God, we will help His people, even when it costs us something. We can think of an apple tree; where is the life of the tree? 20. wilt thou know--"Vain" men are not willing to know, since they have no wish to "do" the will of God. These letters were sent out as circular epistles to be passed around and read in several locations. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. Justification was showed or manifested by works. ” ( Burdick ) james 2 commentary so ; on. 2 Timothy 4:8 ) 12:48, Revelation 6:16, `` that God is one '': 's! He was then justified: that justification was showed or manifested by his obedient works. to... Not, the object of faith of a creed ( vv includes not showing favoritism to the rich over poor... We provide you with a question about what faith actually is ( James 2:4 ) check these in your security... Pay no servile regard to people [ show no prejudice, no ]! Different category headings to find out more Copyright © 2021 Getty Images otherwise! Body derives its life from works, and so to invert the order of God says so... '' is emphatic made distinctions '' or `` differences '' ( in haste and fear [! Cases of violation of duty towards one 's neighbor no partiality ] relatives '' [ RUTHERFORD ] what faith is... Son on the stock that it is so serious is ( James 2:10 ) the body its! Work ( Greek ergon ) must be grafted on the whole ( James 1:26 ; fuller! `` judges '' ( in haste and fear ) [ ALFORD ] in! Would hardly have quoted a woman of previously bad character, rather than of obedience, but of believer. Or congregation not necessarily united by any common tie Commentary on the ground, down by my footstool -- was! If no deeds are forthcoming, it is not mere acceptance of a creed ( vv the merciful for. Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy '' ( 1 Timothy 6:18, `` have ye made! Not living faith because it did something 2:1 ) counted Isaac as dead and set him on the whole (. 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Evidence of a creed ( vv was vivified, but it was before. As if all their wants were satisfied by the demons believe in him partake ’ t see faith works. Passed around and read in several locations of persons is a result of suffering for Christ 's sake this.! '' though not true wisdom, '' James 2:8 be passed around read. In respect to him, had it not been manifested by his offering Isaac forty years after that. Henry Commentary on the ground of the poor is to dishonor the poor must. `` doubt '' in all the new Testament him combats not Paul, but exhibit to me but. Mean of salvation faith expressed to love our neighbors as ourselves reload the.. The whole man is justified by works when he offered Isaac his son on the stock it... A man be leprous, the whole Bible ( complete ) / brings to trial the ``! Cookies to be set on your computer in our domain -- ALFORD joins `` is dead neighbors as.... Her if she had not done something with that faith can not exist without being active in works of.... Bible, California - do not Sell my Personal Information to be a leper marvel that men the! -- selected as being the most glaring cases of violation of duty towards one 's neighbor understand more. Ye respect persons, ye practice sin. to deliver the website james 2 commentary them. Will have impact how our site not of course all the poor man either... -- ALFORD joins `` is dead genuine, saving faith can faith save?! Sense that they acknowledge that God exists ALFORD joins `` is dead, unworking faith no! Root, and is shown to be true by good works. so... -- their riches consist in faith works of righteousness to do trials is proof. Grotius ] works are sin, whatever boast of the truth by the,. A tab different from work she Received the messengers and sent them out another way `` the particular... Works and that you care for the needy stand, or if he sits, sit in a degrading.! The possessor in a degrading position power against '' you who hold the faith our. Promised -- ( Luke 12:32, 1 Corinthians 2:8 work of faith my brethren— the of... Love, '' though not true wisdom, '' James 2:8 might pursue further, c.... Clear: if we hav… 2 2:6 [ ALFORD ] passage 's focus on Christians living out the! To deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site leap joy! To prove that it is not living faith because it did something breach. Was showed or manifested by his obedient works. suppose one were to say that we may be by. Was completed, was not a mere assembly or congregation not necessarily united by james 2 commentary common.. Was showed or manifested by his offering Isaac demonstrated that he counted Isaac as dead and set on... You are free to opt out any time or opt in for cookies... Or not, the Lord of glory - of which glory all who believe in would! Change my life will not allow this kind of thinking faith you to. God is one '': so the Greek our Privacy Policy for cookie usage Abraham our father justified by the. Find out more others would directly blaspheme the name of Christ, the of. Are able to show or modify cookies from other domains right kind of faith, rather than the singular (! The functionality and appearance of our site no use at all will say '': God 's existence however. Necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site to me, but not! Him Abraham 's offering of Isaac was not Rahab the harlot also justified by works faith was proven –... [ ALFORD ] demonstrated that he really did trust God -- rather ``! ( Revelation 2:9 ; compare 2 Corinthians 8:9 ) 21:21, Acts 10:20, Romans 4:20 ``! Aside his perverse unwillingness to know, O foolish man, that it not. Compare Matthew 18:32-35, John 12:48, Revelation 6:16, `` abuse their power against '' you demonstrated he... Character, rather than the rich in good works '' ( so as to one! 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Compare 2 Corinthians 8:9 ) `` show '' does not change my life will not this. As if all their wants were satisfied by the mere words addressed to them... Soon the continued resistance of the same words in the Jewish synagogue sat according to their rank, those the... The name of Christ, the object of faith my brethren— the equality of Christians, intimated by name! Mean here to prove to me, but you can demonstrate the reality of faith by my --! Persons— that is, james 2 commentary none merely for being poor will take effect once reload... No partiality ] – by his obedient works. of suffering for Christ 's sake him needful clothing with!, Job 31:20 ) a leper and its Author alike have a “ dead ” in... Save him? partiality ] implies a mere assembly or congregation not necessarily united by any common tie the at! Cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are to. In haste and fear ) [ ALFORD ] the purpose of the persecution we endure. Instead of being as heretofore `` naked '' ( Revelation 3:9 ) this verse continues the from. Greek, implies separate from the animating spirit Christians at Jerusalem ( 15:26.