For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. simply members of the nursing profession who have seen the need in Vietnam and are here to do our part Vietnam War (Nov. 1, 1965-April 30, 1975) Vietnam Veterans may have been exposed to a variety of environmental and chemical hazards that carried potential health risks. They did have some significant advantages, however, including a close knowledge of the local people, language and terrain. It borders the Gulf of Tonkin, Gulf of Thailand, and Pacific Ocean, along with China, Laos, and Cambodia. Vietnam has an area of 331,210 sq km (127,881 sq miles), along with the eastern coastal strip of Southeast Asia. Vietnam is located on the eastern margin of the Indochinese peninsula and occupies about 331,211.6 square kilometers, of which about 25% was under cultivation in 1987. Vietnam is a long, narrow nation shaped like the letter 's'. Vietnam War. U.S. Army Map Service, Series L7014. Washington, DC 20036, National Geographic Society is a 501 (c)(3) organization. Some of the different types of government include a direct democracy, a representative democracy, socialism, communism, a monarchy, an oligarchy, and an autocracy. © 1996 - 2021 National Geographic Society. 6 - 12+ Subjects. Please play and listen while reading: Concerto No. Dense vegetation can limit lines of sight … The lowlands of southern Vietnam are dominated by alluvial plains, the most extensive of which is the Mekong delta, covering an area of 15,400 square miles (39,900 square km) in Vietnam. 28mm Figures covering the conflict in French Indo China starting at the end of WW2 involving French forces, into the Vietnam War involving US led Free World Forces and the constant struggle between North and South Vietnam forces. Code of Ethics. It has been the topic of extensive study by military strategists, and was an important part of the planning for both sides in many conflicts, including World War II and the Vietnam War. Introduce young students to the concept of maps as representations of places with this classroom map. The Vietnam War: A Lesson in the Geopolitics of Southeast Asia, The American Review of Books, Blogs, and Bull, Center for the Study of America and the West. www.fpri.org Copyright © 2000–2021. Welcome to Paper Terrain! Physical Geography of Vietnam. The NVA and Viet Cong drew lessons from their eight-year-long war with France (1946-54), which gave them valuable experience fighting a major Western power. You cannot download interactives. Thus military minds on both sides began to explore ways to make that support faster and more accurate. Vietnam has been subject to many foreign powers. War is generally defined as violent conflict between states or nations. The country was a part of Imperial China until it … We produce a range of paper structures in a variety of scales and periods. They are printed on a heavy cardstock and are ready for immediate assembly and use. In 1940, the German army sliced through France like butter. Analogies to the Vietnam war increasingly arise in the debate, especially with regards to the growing U.S. military presence. Vietnam War Exposures. In central and southern Vietnam the southwest monsoon winds between June and November bring rains and typhoons to the eastern slopes of the mountains and the lowland plains. As observed on the physical map above, low-level land covers about 20% of the country. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. Khe Sanh, Hướng Hóa District, Quang Tri province, Vietnam (16.62959 106.73768) Khe Sanh. Currents Letter to America ... For more than two decades, Terrain.org has published essential literature, artwork, case studies, and more on the built and natural environments—all at no cost to readers and without advertising. Due to the jungle terrain and tall grass, it was far easier for communist soldiers to hide the bodies of their dead comrades without them being found than it had been in Korea, where wide-open terrain spaces are more common, and where forests in Korea are not as thick as in Vietnam. Vietnam is a country of tropical lowlands, rolling green hills, and densely forested mountains. Like much of Vietnam, Khe Sanh is very beautiful, and like many of us who were in-country, I often thought that if there was not a war on, Vietnam would be an excellent place (other than the climate, which I found oppressive) for holiday resorts, and subsequent events have borne this out. The majority of the land is hilly or mountainous and heavily forested, with only about 20% flatlands. The US experimented with various herbicides and defoliants at the end of World War II and during the 1950s. Vietnam borders China, Laos, and Cambodia. Jungle warfare is a term used to cover the special techniques needed for military units to survive and fight in jungle terrain. As the war wa… Help your students understand the different forms of government with these classroom resources. By 1973, over two-thirds of the U.S. population believed that the United States’ involvement in the Vietnam War had been a mistake according to Peter Sperlich and William Lunch. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. Sustainability Policy |  The Free World Allies Player (the combined forces of the US & South Vietnam, with contributions by the Republic of Korea, Australia… Accounts by geographers before the US war show that much of the v… The goal was to deprive insurgents of food and cover. Apply for and manage the VA benefits and services you’ve earned as a Veteran, Servicemember, or family member—like health care, disability, education, and more. 1145 17th Street NW Mekong Delta covers an area of 40,000 square kilometers in total and is the main rice-cultivating area of Vietnam. In Malayan Campaigntime and again they infiltrated through the jungle to bypass static British positions based on road blocks so that they could cut the British supply line and attack the British defences from all sides. She or he will best know the preferred format. SUPPORT TERRAIN.ORG. The summer in northern Vietnam lasts from April or May to October and is characterized by heat, heavy rainfall, and occasional typhoons. Privacy Notice |  VA offers eligible Veterans a free Agent Orange Registry health exam for possible long-term health problems related to herbicide exposure. Vietnam’s territory on the sea is featured with variety of islands with both small and big size. Vietnam is part While the responsibilities of all governments are similar, those duties are executed in different ways depending on the form of government. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. Most members of the British and Indian army left Burma … Unlike to the Maphill's physical map of Vietnam, topographic map uses contour lines instead of colors to show the shape of the surface. Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. The lower slopes of the mountains of the Annamite Chain often supported extensive stands of bamboo, and coastal mangroves were common, especially on the great sandspit of the Cape of Camau, south of the Mekong delta. Army of the Repulic of Vietnam (ARVN) At some point I'd like to pick up some figures to use as ARVN troops. The troops of North Vietnam and the Viet Cong were under-resourced and poorly equipped, at least in comparison to American soldiers. All Rights Reserved. A Luoi (topographic) Sheet 6441-4, 1:50,000 U.S. Army Map Service (9.4MB) [GeoPDF] Most of the Vietnam War fought below the 17th parallel was on the ground. Wikipedia (CC-BY-SA 3.0) Other topographic maps. Another two-fifths of the surface was covered in scrub forest and savanna grassland. And here’s where World War II changed Vietnam forever. Above: Dead Americans During The Vietnam War. The role of the United States in the Vietnam War began after World War II and escalated into full commitment during the Vietnam War from 1955 to 1973. One of the end results was the creation of light ground attack aircraft like the A-37 Dragonfly. A government is a system of order for a nation, state, or another political unit. Terms of Service |  Vietnam was now a Japanese colony, and that put it squarely in the crosshairs of US foreign policy after 1941. A government is responsible for creating and enforcing the rules of a society, defense, foreign affairs, the economy, and public services. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. The terrain of Vietnam—hills and jungle—meant that close air support was vital to American and ARVN success. 4 in F minor, Op. With a coastline of 3,260 km, excluding islands, Vietnam claims 12 nautical miles as the limit of The Red River delta is fronted by hills that rise gently into the high mountains of the northwest. This was a lengthy conflict, one in which the United States, the world’s leading military power, was involved most intensively. In early 1942 the fighting in Burma at the start of the Burma Campaign took on a similar aspect and resulted in the longest retreat in British military history. The U.S. involvement in South Vietnam stemmed from a combination of factors: France's long colonial history in French Indochina, the US War with Japan in the Pacific, and both Joseph Stalin and Mao Zedong's pledge in 1950 to support Ho Chi … In Southern Vietnam, topography is quite simple with Mekong Delta, the largest plain of Vietnam (or “Nine Dragon River Delta”). From the book The Making of America, published by National Geographic Society © 2002. Flashpoint are working up a new set of Vietnam rules, and I am trying to convince one of our club members to design a scenario for us to let us playtest them. Vietnam > Quang Tri province > Khe Sanh. The American image of land warfare during the Cold War as a whole is dominated by the Vietnam War for a number of reasons. National Geographic Headquarters These forests were not, however, "virgin". The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. 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